Decarbonisation of the electricity sector is a key challenge that must be overcome in order to fight the adverse consequences of climate change
Removal of Co2 (carbon dioxide) emissions from electricity generation in meeting climate change goals is imperative, because as the largest and fastest growing source of Co2, it holds many of the solutions to a more-efficient, less carbon-intensive economy.
Much of the solutions to rising Co2 emissions can be found in: Enhancing energy efficiency which sometimes requires using electricity of instead of other fuels, but also improving the efficiency of electricity usage (in lighting, heating and cooling, specific industrial uses and information technologies); Powering electricity with renewable resources of energy, nuclear and carbon capture and storage. CCS is a group of technologies used to reduce CO2 emissions from large Co2 sources such as fossil fuel or biomass power generation.
Using these carbon-free options can help meet 47 per cent of the emissions savings required by 2035 to limit the global increase in temperature to 2C (by bringing the concentration of Co2 in atmosphere to around 450 parts per million),
Demanding unprecedented transformation, the report said for decarbonisation of electricity inn future, in addition to rethinking in the electricity markets, it is necessary to integrate electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles into the electric grid.